Keyword type: model definition
This option is used to generate a kinematic or a distributing coupling. It must be followed by the keyword *KINEMATIC or *DISTRIBUTING.
The parameters REF NODE, SURFACE and CONSTRAINT NAME are mandatory, the parameter ORIENTATION is optional.
With REF NODE a reference node is chosen, the degrees of freedom of which are used to define the constraint. In the reference node six degrees of freedom are available: 1 to 3 for translations in the x-, y- and z- direction and 4 to 6 for rotations about the x-, y- and z- axis. For *KINEMATIC couplings the location of the reference node determines the center of the rigid motion. For *DISTRIBUTING couplings any forces specified by the user are applied at the location of the reference node. Choosing another reference node will change the effect of these forces (e.g. the moment about the center of gravity of the coupling surface will be different). The reference node should not be one of the nodes of the surface to which the constraint applies.
With SURFACE the nodes are selected to which the constraint applies (so-called coupling nodes). This surface must be face-based.
The parameter CONSTRAINT NAME is used to assign a name to the coupling condition. This name is not used so far.
Finally, with the ORIENTATION parameter one can assign a local coordinate system to the coupling constraint. Notice that this does not induce a change of coordinate system in the reference node (for this a *TRANSFORM card is needed). For distributing couplings only rectangular local systems are allowed, for kinematic couplings both rectangular and cylindrical systems are alllowed, cf. *ORIENTATION.
For *DISTRIBUTING couplings it is not recommended to apply any other forces but the forces and/or moments in the reference node to any node belonging to the coupling surface. Furthermore, it is not recommended to use the reference node in any other construct.
Example: *COUPLING,REF NODE=200,SURFACE=SURF,CONSTRAINT NAME=C1,ORIENTATION=OR1
defines a coupling constraint with name C1 for the nodes belonging to the surface SURF. The reference node is node 200 and an orientation OR1 was applied.
Example files: coupling1.